Bootstrap Components

Bootstrap Table

Overview

Tables are presented in most applications (web, desktop or mobile application) and they are a key element in presenting data to the end user.

Today, with the importance that the user interface has, knowing how to enhance the appearance of a table becomes as relevant as it is. In this scenario, one of the technologies that has become reference is Bootstrap. This front-end framework, among many other features, provides a number of features for styling and optimizing the display of various components, such as table.

Main table in Bootstrap

To style a table with Bootstrap, simply add the table class to the <table> tag, and some visual formatting will already be applied, as displayed on the screenshot .

Bootstrap basic table
<table class="table">
  <thead>
    <tr>
      <th>#</th>
      <th>First Name</th>
      <th>Last Name</th>
      <th>Username</th>
    </tr>
  </thead>
  <tbody>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">1</th>
      <td>Mark</td>
      <td>Otto</td>
      <td>@mdo</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">2</th>
      <td>Jacob</td>
      <td>Thornton</td>
      <td>@fat</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">3</th>
      <td>Larry</td>
      <td>the Bird</td>
      <td>@twitter</td>
    </tr>
  </tbody>
</table>

Inverse tables.

Among the latest tables in Bootsrap 4 is the inverse tables. Class .table-inverse can easily change the coloration of the table.

Bootstrap inverse table
<table class="table table-inverse">
  <thead>
    <tr>
      <th>#</th>
      <th>First Name</th>
      <th>Last Name</th>
      <th>Username</th>
    </tr>
  </thead>
  <tbody>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">1</th>
      <td>Mark</td>
      <td>Otto</td>
      <td>@mdo</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">2</th>
      <td>Jacob</td>
      <td>Thornton</td>
      <td>@fat</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">3</th>
      <td>Larry</td>
      <td>the Bird</td>
      <td>@twitter</td>
    </tr>
  </tbody>
</table>

Additional classes

There are also some classes that allow you to apply a different styles to a table, they are::

<table class="table-striped"> Toggles the color of table rows

<table class="table-bordered"> Adds border to the table;

<table class="table-hover"> Activates the highlight of a line when we hover the mouse cursor over it;

<table class="table-condensed"> Reduces the height of table rows, making it more compact.

To apply these styles, simply add the desired classes to the <table>: <table class="table table-striped table-bordered table-condensed table-hover">

Table head opportunities

Much like default and inverse tables, run one of two modifier classes to make <thead> appear dark or light gray.

Bootstrap table head options
<table class="table">
  <thead class="thead-inverse">
    <tr>
      <th>#</th>
      <th>First Name</th>
      <th>Last Name</th>
      <th>Username</th>
    </tr>
  </thead>
  <tbody>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">1</th>
      <td>Mark</td>
      <td>Otto</td>
      <td>@mdo</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">2</th>
      <td>Jacob</td>
      <td>Thornton</td>
      <td>@fat</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">3</th>
      <td>Larry</td>
      <td>the Bird</td>
      <td>@twitter</td>
    </tr>
  </tbody>
</table>

<table class="table">
  <thead class="thead-default">
    <tr>
      <th>#</th>
      <th>First Name</th>
      <th>Last Name</th>
      <th>Username</th>
    </tr>
  </thead>
  <tbody>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">1</th>
      <td>Mark</td>
      <td>Otto</td>
      <td>@mdo</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">2</th>
      <td>Jacob</td>
      <td>Thornton</td>
      <td>@fat</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">3</th>
      <td>Larry</td>
      <td>the Bird</td>
      <td>@twitter</td>
    </tr>
  </tbody>
</table>

Striped rows

Zebra-like stripes may be incorporated with the .table-striped class, an example

Bootstrap striped rows
<table class="table table-striped">
  <thead>
    <tr>
      <th>#</th>
      <th>First Name</th>
      <th>Last Name</th>
      <th>Username</th>
    </tr>
  </thead>
  <tbody>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">1</th>
      <td>Mark</td>
      <td>Otto</td>
      <td>@mdo</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">2</th>
      <td>Jacob</td>
      <td>Thornton</td>
      <td>@fat</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">3</th>
      <td>Larry</td>
      <td>the Bird</td>
      <td>@twitter</td>
    </tr>
  </tbody>
</table>

Hover Rows

To make a hover side effect in the rows of your table add in the .table-hover class:

Bootstrap hover rows
<table class="table table-hover">
  <thead>
    <tr>
      <th>#</th>
      <th>First Name</th>
      <th>Last Name</th>
      <th>Username</th>
    </tr>
  </thead>
  <tbody>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">1</th>
      <td>Mark</td>
      <td>Otto</td>
      <td>@mdo</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">2</th>
      <td>Jacob</td>
      <td>Thornton</td>
      <td>@fat</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">3</th>
      <td colspan="2">Larry the Bird</td>
      <td>@twitter</td>
    </tr>
  </tbody>
</table>

Bordered Table

You can surely bring in the borders on the every single table slide and a cell with the .table-bordered class:

Bootstrap bordered table
<table class="table table-bordered">
  <thead>
    <tr>
      <th>#</th>
      <th>First Name</th>
      <th>Last Name</th>
      <th>Username</th>
    </tr>
  </thead>
  <tbody>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">1</th>
      <td>Mark</td>
      <td>Otto</td>
      <td>@mdo</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">2</th>
      <td>Mark</td>
      <td>Otto</td>
      <td>@TwBootstrap</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">3</th>
      <td>Jacob</td>
      <td>Thornton</td>
      <td>@fat</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">4</th>
      <td colspan="2">Larry the Bird</td>
      <td>@twitter</td>
    </tr>
  </tbody>
</table>

Condensed Table

If you wish to make your table more compact - you can easily cut cell padding in half with this class: .table-condensed.

Take note that, while Bootstrap 4 uses .table-sm to condense a table, Bootstrap 3 uses .table-condensed. Each cut cell padding in half.

Bootstrap condensed table
<table class="table table-sm">
  <thead>
    <tr>
      <th>#</th>
      <th>First Name</th>
      <th>Last Name</th>
      <th>Username</th>
    </tr>
  </thead>
  <tbody>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">1</th>
      <td>Mark</td>
      <td>Otto</td>
      <td>@mdo</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">2</th>
      <td>Jacob</td>
      <td>Thornton</td>
      <td>@fat</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <th scope="row">3</th>
      <td colspan="2">Larry the Bird</td>
      <td>@twitter</td>
    </tr>
  </tbody>
</table>

Contextual Classes

Use the contextual classes to color a table cells (<td>) and table rows (<tr>):

Bootstrap contextual classes
<!-- On rows -->
<tr class="table-active">...</tr>
<tr class="table-success">...</tr>
<tr class="table-warning">...</tr>
<tr class="table-danger">...</tr>
<tr class="table-info">...</tr>

<!-- On cells (`td` or `th`) -->
<tr>
  <td class="table-active">...</td>
  <td class="table-success">...</td>
  <td class="table-warning">...</td>
  <td class="table-danger">...</td>
  <td class="table-info">...</td>
</tr>

Changing the rows of a table Bootstrap 3 does not use the .table- prefix for its contextual classes. Bootstrap 3 uses .active while Bootstrap 4 uses .table-active. Other than that, both of these versions use the exact same 5 contextual keywords (active, success, info, warning, danger). Listed here you can see the information about each of the possible types:

● active: Applies the focus color to the table row or table cell

● success: Indicates a successful or positive action

● info: Indicates a neutral information change or action

● warning: Indicates a warning that you may need attention

● danger: Indicates a dangerous or potentially negative action

Responsive Tables

To create a responsive table - use the .table-responsive class. Table rolls in the horizontal way on gadgets that less than 768px. If the gadget is larger sized than 768px wide, then you will see no difference :

Bootstrap responsive tables

Bootstrap 4 allows you to add the .table-responsive class to the actual <table> element. Bootstrap 3 tables required that you add that class to a parent <div> element.

Examine a number of online video short training relating to Bootstrap tables

Connected topics:

Bootstrap tables: official documentation

Bootstrap tables  main documentation

W3schools:Bootstrap table tutorial

Bootstrap table  article

Bootstrap Tables Lecture

Bootstrap Tables Lecture